Pertumbuhan dan Hasil Tanaman Bawang Merah (Allium ascalonicum L.) pada Pemberian Berbagai Dosis Pupuk Kandang Kotoran Sapi dan PGPR Akar Bambu

Growth and Yield of Shallot (Allium ascalonicum L.) on Various Doses of Cow Manure and Bamboo Root PGPR

Keywords: Dosage, manure, PGPR, shallot

Abstract

       Shallot is an important commodity that becomes the basic food needs of the Indonesian people. Farmers generally use chemical or inorganic fertilizers in their cultivation activities. Inorganic fertilizers can accelerate the growing period because the nutrients can be absorbed directly by the soil. However, the continuous use of inorganic fertilizers can harm the soil and the environment, then to avoid this is to switch to using organic fertilizers. Manure is one of the organic fertilizers that can increase the availability of nutrients for plants. With the presence of intensive bacteria, it can accelerate the availability of nutrients. Bacteria whose role is to decompose organic matter are called PGPR. This study aims to (i) know the interactions (ii) know the single factor of cow manure (iii) know the single factor of bamboo root PGPR (iv) get the best interaction (v) get the best dose of cow manure (vi) get the best dose of bamboo root PGPR. This research was carried out in alluvial land in Tabalong District from March-June 2019. This study used a factorial randomized block design with the treatment is a dose of cow manure, namely: p1=10 t/ha, p2=20 t/ha, p3=30 t/ha, while the bamboo roots PGPR are: b1=20 ml, b2=25 ml, and b3=30 ml, so the combination is 9 treatments. The results showed that the observed variables were plant height, number of leaves, number of tubers, tuber diameter and tuber weight only affected plant height with a single factor treatment of cow manure and the best dose was 20 t/ha.Shallot is an important commodity that becomes the basic food needs of the Indonesian people. Farmers generally use chemical or inorganic fertilizers in their cultivation activities. Inorganic fertilizers can accelerate the growing period because the nutrients can be absorbed directly by the soil. However, the continuous use of inorganic fertilizers can harm the soil and the environment, then to avoid this is to switch to using organic fertilizers. Manure is one of the organic fertilizers that can increase the availability of nutrients for plants. With the presence of intensive bacteria, it can accelerate the availability of nutrients. Bacteria whose role is to decompose organic matter are called PGPR. This study aims to (i) know the interactions (ii) know the single factor of cow manure (iii) know the single factor of bamboo root PGPR (iv) get the best interaction (v) get the best dose of cow manure (vi) get the best dose of bamboo root PGPR. This research was carried out in alluvial land in Tabalong District from March-June 2019. This study used a factorial randomized block design with the treatment is a dose of cow manure, namely: p1=10 t/ha, p2=20 t/ha, p3=30 t/ha, while the bamboo roots PGPR are: b1=20 ml, b2=25 ml, and b3=30 ml, so the combination is 9 treatments. The results showed that the observed variables were plant height, number of leaves, number of tubers, tuber diameter and tuber weight only affected plant height with a single factor treatment of cow manure and the best dose was 20 t/ha.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

BPS Kabupaten Tabalong. 2018. Luas Panen dan Produksi Sayur-Sayuran 2010-2017. https://tabalongkab.bps.go.id/sta tistictable/2015/12/28/1390/luas panen -dan produksi sayur-sayuran-2010-2017.html. Diakses pada tanggal 10 November 2018.

Harianti, M., Herviyanti dan Hermansah. 2004. Tingkat keracunan besi dalam bentuk ferro dan ferri serta pertumbuhan tanaman padi (Oryza sativa. L) pada media pasir. Jurnal. Solum Vol.1 No 2. Jurusan Tanah. Fakultas Pertanian. Universitas Andalas.

Jannah, R. 2016. Pengaruh bakteri Bacillus cereus dan Psedudomons aeruginosa terhadap produktivitas tanaman padi yang terinfeksi penyakit blass sebagai referesi mata kuliah mkrobiologi. Skripsi. Fakultas Tarbiyah dan Keguruan. Program Studi Pendidikan Biologi.

Januarti, R. A., Zulkifli, L dan Sedijani, P. 2016. Pengaruh penambahan kotoran kelinci pada media tanah terhadap pertumbuhan tanaman sawi (Brassica juncea) sebagai pengayaan praktikum fisiologi tumbuhan. Jurnal. Universitas Mataram. Fakultas Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan Program Studi Pendidikan Biologi.

Kaderi, H. 2015. Sidik Cepat Keracunan Unsur Fe, Mn dan Al Pada Tanaman di Lahan Rawa Sulfat Masam. Balittra. http://balittra .litang.go.in/. Diakses pada tanggal 26 Juli 2019.

Lasmiati, H. 2013. Petani Kembangkan Bawang Merah. http://kalsel.antara news. com. Di akses pada tanggal 27 November 2018.

Nugraha, Y dan Rumanti, I. P. 2017. Perakitan padi toleran keracunan besi. Balai Besar Penelitian Tanaman Padi. Iptek Tanaman Pangan. Vol. 12 No. 1

Prasojo, M. 2018. Penanggulangan Keracunan Besi (Fe) pada Sawah Bukaan Baru. https:/unsurtani.com/ 2018/07/ penganggulangan-keracunan -besi-fe-pada-sawah-bukaan-baru. Diakses pada tanggal 25 Juli 2019.

Rina, D. 2019. Manfaat Unsur Hara N, P dan K Bagi Tanaman. http://kaltim.litbang. pertanian.go.id/. Diakses tanggal 15 Juli 2019.

Risnandar, C. 2018. Jenis dan Karakteristik Pupuk Kandang. https://alamtani.com/ pupuk-kandang/amp/. Di akses pada tanggal 13 November 2018.

Samadi, B. dan Cahyono, B. 2005. Bawang Merah. Kanisius. Yogyakarta.

Sejati, H. K., Astiningrum, M dan Tujiyanta. 2017. Pengaruh macam pupuk Kandang dan konsentrasi pseudomonas fluorescens pada hasil Tanaman bawang merah (Allium cepa fa. Ascalonicum, L.) Varietas Crok Kuning. Jurnal Ilmu Tropika dan Subtropika. Vol. 2 No 2.

Sudaryono. 2009. Tingkat kesuburan tanah ultisol pada lahan pertambangan batubara Sangatta, Kalimantan Timur. Penelitian Pusat Teknologi Lingku ngan. Badan Pengkajian dan Penerapan Teknologi. Vol.10 No.3.

Sutedjo, M. M. 2008. Pupuk dan Cara Pemupukan. Rineka Cipta. Jakarta.

Tim Bina Karya Tani. 2008. Pedoman Bertanam Bawang Merah.Yrama Widya. Bandung.

Wahyuningsih, E. N., Herlina dan Tyasmoro, S. Y. 2017. Pengaruh pemberian PGPR (Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria) dan pupuk kotoran kelinci terhadap pertumbuhan dan hasil tanaman bawang merah (Allium ascalonicum L.). Jurnal Produksi Tanaman. Vol. 5 No. 4.

Yuliandri, L. A. 2017. Pertanian Maju Masyarakat Sejahtera: PGPR (Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacter). http://liliadamyuliandri1984.blogspot.com/. Di akses pada tanggal 10 November 2018.

CROSSMARK
Published
2019-12-31
DIMENSIONS
How to Cite
Mahdiannoor, M., Murjani, M., & Isma, I. (2019). Pertumbuhan dan Hasil Tanaman Bawang Merah (Allium ascalonicum L.) pada Pemberian Berbagai Dosis Pupuk Kandang Kotoran Sapi dan PGPR Akar Bambu. Rawa Sains: Jurnal Sains STIPER Amuntai, 9(2), 93-100. https://doi.org/10.36589/rs.v9i2.103

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>